Nathan Abarca Ms. Park Per ⅚ 11-06-2017 The Crucible Essay It’s 1692 in Salem, Massachusetts and all you see are cows everywhere and people running around in terror along with dead bodies. The Crucible takes place in Salem, Massachusetts during the Salem witch trial where everybody blamed each other of witchcraft. Arthur Miller’s play named “The Crucible” which is historical fiction introduces the idea that one’s name is one’s identity and that identity gives a person power., such as economic power, judicial and religious power, and social power. To start off, Arthur Miller wants to tell the audience that economic power can change the way many people see things. Many characters have power over others due to the roles they play in Salem. For example Tituba had to listen to whatever Parris says since he was Tituba’s owner. Tituba is being blamed for sending her spirit out to Betty, when Tituba declined to having anything related to witchcraft. Parris then threatens her by yelling he would whip her to death if she didn’t confess (Miller 13). This means that Tituba didn’t want to sully her name by confessing to working to the Devil until Reverend Parris had threatened her by death which he is allowed to do since he has more power than Tituba because he is her owner. This situation can also be seen in page 24 when John Proctor tells Mary to go to the court with him to tell Judge Danforth what is really happening and how the poppet got inside of John’s house. This would mean that Mary would have to confess to Judge Danforth that all the girls that are around Abigail are only faking witchcraft to easily get what they want. This can be seen as economic power because Mary didn’t want to confess to Danforth because she knew she would get in trouble in the court. She also had no choice because she was told to tell the court everything by her boss, John Proctor. Economic power has a huge effect in Salem since there are very big gaps of power between the citizens and the church. When Salem was still around there was no separation of power between the court and the church which resulted in the court having the most power. Second of all, there was the fact that judicial and religious power in Salem had a very major role. The laws of Salem were heavily influenced on the teachings of the bible. This would mean if you went against the bible’s teachings you would get thrown into jail or be killed without a second thought, because the court had both judicial and religious power. Judge Danforth had a very extreme way of having trials where he would get in people’s faces which ended up changing people’s memories which makes them end up lying. Judge Danforth acts and remarks “Reaches out and holds her (Elizabeth) face” where he states “Has John Proctor ever committed a crime of lechery.”(page 34). This made Elizabeth hesitate in telling the truth which causes her to lie and answer Danforth questions by saying no which put Proctor in a terrible situation. Elizabeth hesitated in telling the truth because she was afraid what Danforth would do if she had told the truth to Danforth. This relates to judicial and religious power because Danforth is a person who can create punishments for people who are guilty and he gains even more power by having more religious power. Another example of Danforth doing this is in Act 3 page 36 when Danforth is an inch away from Mary Warren’s face while saying “Do you confess this power. Speak!”. Danforth can go to Mary personally since he is the leader of court which allows him to do whatever he wants to inside of the court. These are only some of the ways the court had influenced people during trials with it’s ability of being able to do anything to the accused without any worry of the accused being able to leave without being charged guilty with judicial and religious power. The situation of the trial didn’t help Mary out that much since Abigail was present along with the other girls.
Finally, your place on the social ladder could help you a lot or be your downfall in Salem since your social power could have an effect on people. Salem is a small village so word could get around very quickly about what a person said or did. Abigail is the niece of Reverend Parris meaning that she is very popular, her popularity wasn’t the only thing helping her get what she wanted but she was also very manipulative. As noted in Act 2 page 24 when John told Mary to the court on what Abigail was doing she said she couldn’t because Abigail would tell the court about the affair that Proctor had on her. This shows Abigail's true personality and that she had something on the girls who were with her so they would have to do what she said. Abigail does this so she can replace Elizabeth as Proctor’s wife. She can achieve this by framing Mary of witchcraft so the court wouldn’t believe anything that Mary said. Abigail can do this easily being the leader of her friend group so she is a great example of a character being socially powerful. Abigail claims that she saw a yellow bird which was Mary’s spirit being sent out to go after Abigail. Abigail then repeats whatever Mary, after a little while the other girls start to do the same. This leads to Mary falsely confessing that Proctor was the Devil’s man (page 35). This shows that the other girls are afraid of Abigail since they could never stand up to her and did whatever Abigail did. This shows that Abigail is powerful in her group of friends if they did whatever she said without another thought on the situation. Abigail was a very manipulative person who could control others through blackmail. In Conclusion, Salem was a terrible town that didn’t listen to others and only follows what the big shots did. The community of Salem revolved around people’s identity and everything went back to their names. Salem also had very big gaps of power between the regular people and the people who had a role in the church or court. This can be shown through economic power, jup us leadicial power and religious power, and social power. This is still important because it can allow the people of today to learn from the people of the past so that we wouldn’t leave huge gaps of power between the government and the citizens.
Works Cited Miller, Arthur. “The Crucible.” Penguin Books, 1995.
Nathan Abarca Per: ⅚ 12-11-2017 Is Google Making Us Stupid? Google, one of man’s most greatest inventions that will gives us all the information we need in the click of a button. Based on the articles Is Google Making Us Stupid, Google Effect, and Study of Students written by the New York Times, Genevieve Roberts, Moran and Firth each suggest that Google is actually helping learn. Before Google was invented, people would have to look for information in a book that could take up long periods of time, but with Google the answers we need are just a click away. Multiple people believe that Google is making us stupid but in reality is just making us more intelligent by having more information, being quicker, and help us think smarter. To start of with, Google contains more information than a local public library. A public library may have a lot of books but how many are based on the topic at hand not that many while Google has over thousands resources you can use. For example if someone wanted to do research on the Apollo spacecraft in the 1800’s a library will just have general information on the Apollo mission while Google will have over 45,000 resources about the Apollo spaceship (Is Google Making Us Stupid). This is a great example because more resources would mean a person could have a little of sources at hand and go in depth to research the topic at hand. Google gives us more resources than a library would which allows us to take in more information which would increase our intelligence at the topic at hand. A computer can also contain more memory than a human can store in their brains. In “Study of Students” it states, “We’ve stored info in our computer based memory and they’ve become more accessible than before.” This would mean if you were to forget something you could just quickly go back to where you found it in case you forget which will help increase our intelligence. But by saying “Google has lots of wrong information” may be brought up but a book can also have wrong information as well and doesn’t change the fact you can do research about the author the book or website. Google not only has more information than a public library but it is also a faster way to find information. Next up is, Google has a quicker way to find information. With books you have to search the answer in it which can take hours but with google it would only take 10 minutes. This can also be applied to people asking for help from other people. For example a new mother can be taking care of her first born child but the baby starts crying so the mother calls her mother for help but she doesn't pick up so she has no idea to do. But with google she can search it up right away with no wait (Google Effect). This means
DWA Essay on Appropriate Means of Protest Nathan Abarca Per ⅚ 05-09-18 Freedom of Speech Essay
Imagine standing up to the National Anthem and you see your favorite NFL player kneeling instead. This is not disrespectful in any way according to “Refusing to Stand for the National Anthem”, the First Amendment, and Document C “During August 26, 2016 the 49ers; quarterback, Colin Kaepernick, made the brave decision that made thousands of people furious at him. That decision was was to not stand but instead kneel down during the National Anthem. Kaepernick's decision is now disrespectful in any way possible because it was done to show a problem country-wide, it is his personal belief, and it had positive feedback by US veterans. To start of with, Kaepernick did the right thing by kneeling down to the anthem because it brought attention to was happening in the US The idea was that African Americans wanted to bring attention to the fact that the .S still needs to be improved on certain things. It wasn’t just African Americans who wanted to show this but their white team members also supported their decision and stood by them because they thought they were right (Refusing to Stand for the National Anthem). They wanted to show by kneeling that the US is a place than still grow and improve as a country and let go of the hate that people have. Due to this act plenty of people were furious that this NFL team committed this act. They wanted to show that the US does not give the same opportunities it promised to people. According to, Refusing to Stand for the National Anthem, It states, “The issue is that it doesn’t provide equal opportunity to everybody… We wanted to draw attention to the fact that there’s things in this country that can still be changed.” They didn’t stand just because they were tired but for the sake of others who don’t get the same things we ger. This is not disrespectful in any way because it helps show a cause that can be greatly improved on that will make the US an even better place. Kaepernick helped influenced these people to do the right thing just by sharing his own personal belief. Continuing, Kaepernick did not just kneel because he was too lazy to stand up or he hates the US it was just that his own personal belief didn’t agree with it. In 2017 African Americans have more rights than they used to before which is a wonderful thing but he did this because he believes that African Americans are still being oppressed. Kaepernick did not want to show pride in a country that oppresses people of color (Refusing to Stand for the National Anthem). To him that reason was so much more than a football game and he didn’t want care if he would be hated or not he just wanted to get his point across. This is not disrespectful because he didn’t want to target anyone for oppressing people of color but just wanted to tell people “Hey this is wrong” in a peaceful way. The First Amendment was made so that people can do this and it protects him. According to the First Amendment it states “It guarantees freedom of expression by prohibiting congress from restricting the express or the rights of individuals speak freely.” The First Amendment was made to support his decision by letting everyone know what he is doing is okay. The Amendment isn’t the only thing that supports his decision but US veterans support his decision as well. Many people are going to say that is disrespectful to the people fighting for our country but that isn’t the case at all because many US veterans supports his decision. Yes, even US Veterans support his decision on kneeling down during the national anthem. US veterans aren’t just killing machines but are people who fight for this country rights and they can take things like this harshly if it hurts the US. But this isn’t the case as 35 US veterans signed a letter that tell us that, “This is great because he is using his freedom of speech that we fight hard for.” This would result in even more US veterans learning about this event and them wanting to show their respect to his decision and the way he made his point. According to the First Amendment it will protect his right by saying, “It also guarantees the right of citizens to assemble peacefully and to petition their government.” This not only means that is will protect his right but also the US veterans who signed the letter. To sum it up, Kaepernick did not commit any disrespectful acts towards the US. This is hwon through him wanting to show others that the US can still be changed and be improved on, he wanted to share his personal beliefs and being supported by US veterans. There could have been other reasons but there are the reasons that are most important than others. Next time a situation like this happens try supporting the side hw went against because they are people with their own beliefs as well.
Should Junk Food be Banned in School Cafeterias? Today is about learning about America, the land of the free and obese. Based on the articles written by Steven Witherly, food scientist, medicaldaily.com, and Norton Center Infographic, every American school board is discussing if junk food should be banned from school. Many wonder whether or not to ban junk food at school. School cafeterias should ban junk food because it creates addictions, many can be affected by low-income communities, and it causes obesity. Junk food should be banned in school cafeterias because of addiction. “Bland ingredients are purposely made into junk food so that you crave more or you add enough salt or sugar until your mouth explodes with flavor,” says Michael Moss, author of Salt Sugar Fat: How the Food Giants Hooked Us. Once sugar or salt touches one's tongue, favored is the burst of flavor from the plentiful amount of salt or sugar, so this is what keeps wanted to be tasted, but there is no more room to consume anymore. Not only that, but Steve Witherly, a food scientist, says that children who get addicted to junk food, will most likely be addicted to crack or other drugs as an adult. Furthermore, junk food should be prohibited in school lunches. The issue with school lunch is that it may be a not so healthy meal in which case could be the only meal a student gets a day. Access to a healthy meal is not so easy. Therefore, junk food should not be given as part of a school lunch because of the low-income communities. Based on Michelle Obama’s “Let’s Move” campaign page, over 31 million children eat school lunches. If a school is dependable for offering a meal to a child who doesn’t eat outside of school, the meal should be provided with healthy foods. Fast food is not always healthy but is easily accessible. Unlike junk food, healthy food is expensive and hardly accessible. Due to this cause, families with low incomes have a smaller possibility of having the chance to eat healthier. However, with junk food out of the way, the school board will have more room for more nutritious meals to give to the students. Finally, obesity is a huge effect of junk food. Junk food starts in school cafeterias, where many students eat. Because of junk food in school cafeterias, most of these students then become overweight or end up obese, which lead to health issues and sometimes even death. According to the Norton Center Infographic, there are many health issues based on school cafeteria junk food. The infographic includes how “25,000 children in the United States are overweight or obese,” (Norton Center). “Since 1970, childhood obesity rates have increased by 500%.” Many children in the United States become obese, this is not new news. In 1970, obesity was made up of a small percent of people, but due to an increased amount of junk food, rates moved up as well. Additionally, The New York Times Upfront, the newsmagazine for teens, states, “America is facing a crisis because of our eating habits. Sixty million adults (roughly 70 percent) are obese.” America’s eating habits have dangerously increased with about 300,000 deaths included because of obesity. This problem starts at an early age. Nevertheless, junk food should be banned in school cafeterias. To sum up, junk food is one cause of people being in an unhealthy situation. Junk food can create not only physical problems like obesity, but it can cause mental problems like addiction, or be affection by low-income communities. Junk food can create differences between a healthy and unhealthy person by affecting their physical differences and creating new health issues.